Guides

Africa

Africa  is the world's second largest and second most-populous  continent  (the first being  Asia  in both categories). At about 30.3 million km 2  (11.7 million square miles) including adjacent islands, it covers 6% of  Earth's  total surface area and 20.4% of its total land area. [2] With 1.2 billion [1]  people as of 2016, it accounts for about 16% of the world's  human population . The continent is surrounded by the  Mediterranean Sea  to the north, both the  Suez Canal  and the  Red Sea  along the  Sinai Peninsula  to the northeast, the  Indian Ocean  to the southeast and the  Atlantic Ocean  to the west. The continent includes  Madagascar  an... Read more

South America

South America  is a  continent  located in the  western hemisphere , mostly in the  southern hemisphere , with a relatively small portion in the  northern hemisphere . It may also be considered a  subcontinent  of the  Americas , [2] [3]  which is how it is viewed in the Spanish-speaking regions of the Americas. The reference to South America instead of other regions (like Latin America or the Southern Cone) has increased in the last decades due to changing geopolitical dynamics (in particular, the rise of Brazil). [4] It is bordered on the west by the  Pacific Ocean  and on the north and east by the  Atlantic Ocean ;  North America  and the  Caribbean... Read more

Europe

Europe  is a  continent  located entirely in the  Northern Hemisphere  and mostly in the  Eastern Hemisphere . Europe is bordered by the  Arctic Ocean  to the north, the  Atlantic Ocean  to the west, and the  Mediterranean Sea  to the south. It comprises the westernmost part of  Eurasia . Europe is generally considered as  separated from Asia  by the  watershed divides  of the  Ural  and  Caucasus Mountains , the  Ural River , the  Caspian  and  Black  Seas, and the waterways of the  Turkish Straits . [5]  Yet the non-oceanic borders of Europe—a concept dating back to  classical antiquity —are arbitrary and a... Read more

North America

North America  is a  continent  entirely within the  Northern Hemisphere  and almost all within the  Western Hemisphere ; it is also considered by some to be a northern  subcontinent  of the  Americas . [3] [4]  It is bordered to the north by the  Arctic Ocean , to the east by the  Atlantic Ocean , to the west and south by the  Pacific Ocean , and to the southeast by  South America  and the  Caribbean Sea . North America covers an area of about 24,709,000 square kilometers (9,540,000 square miles), about 16.5% of the earth's land area and about 4.8% of its total surface. North America is the third largest continent by area, following  Asia  and  Africa... Read more

Asia

L' Asie  (dont son nom vient d'une racine sémitique «  esch  », désigne le lieu ou se lève le Soleil) est un des sept  continents  ou une partie des supercontinents  Eurasie  ou  Afro-Eurasie  de la  Terre . Avec  43 810 582  km 2  de terres et 4,3 milliards d'habitants 2 , l'Asie est le plus grand continent (8,6 % de la surface totale terrestre ou 29,4 % des terres émergées) et le plus peuplé (environ 60 % de la population mondiale). L'Asie est plus un  concept culturel  qu'une  entité physique homogène . Ce continent abrite le plus haut sommet du monde, l' Everest  qui culmine à  8 848 mètres , ainsi que la plus haute tour du monde,  ... Read more

Oceania

Oceania  ( UK :   / ˌ oʊ ʃ i ˈ ɑː n i ə ,  ˌ oʊ s i -/ [3]  or  US :   / ˌ oʊ ʃ iː ˈ æ n i ə / [4] ) is a geographic region comprising  Melanesia ,  Micronesia ,  Polynesia  and  Australasia . [5]  Spanning the  eastern  and  western hemispheres , Oceania covers an area of 8,525,989 square kilometres (3,291,903 sq mi) and has a population of 40 million. Situated in the southeast of the  Asia Pacific  region, Oceania is the smallest continental grouping in  land area  and the second  smallest in population  after  Antarctica . The islands at the geographic extremes ... Read more

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Africa